Under the U.S. Constitution, the president’s job includes the task of enforcing all federal laws as the chief executive of all federal departments and agencies. In addition, the president determines U.S. foreign policy, negotiates treaties (which must get Senate approval for ratification) and is the commander in chief of the nation’s armed forces. The president appoints federal judges (to life terms), subject to Senate approval. The president also has the power to grant reprieves and pardons to those who have been convicted of committing federal crimes.

Which presidential action below is within the scope of the presidential powers described in this passage?


The president’s power to conduct foreign affairs and negotiate treaties means opening talks with a foreign power, such as Russia, clearly falls within the scope of presidential powers. The president can only pardon people convicted of federal crimes, and can only issue a pardon if the person is convicted. The president cannot fire Supreme Court justices, who are appointed for life, nor can the president repeal a law passed by Congress.

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