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Prior to the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act of 1883, presidential and other federal government appointments were often made under an informal “spoils system,” by which government jobs were given to loyal supporters rather than on the basis of merit. Which of the following resulted from the demise of the spoils system?

Explanation

Appointing based on “merit” means that a position is given to the person most qualified to perform it. One way to determine which applicants are best qualified for a job is by administering an appropriate exam. (In fact, civil service exams were established by the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act.)

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