In June of 1991, Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines began one of the most violent volcanic eruptions of the twentieth century. The eruption created more than 60,000 refugees, many of them farmers and their families. The U.S. government sent \$400 million in aid to help these people, but Philippine officials used much of the money to build four-lane highways and tall buildings in the capital city. This situation shows the needs to incorporate penalties into government grants to foreign countries so that the money is spent as it was intended.

Which statement best summarizes the position of the author of the paragraph?


In the last sentence, the author of the passage states her position, which is summarized in choice (3). The other statements do not accurately reflect the argument made by the author.

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