Following the conclusion of the French and Indian War in 1763, Great Britain and the American Colonies enjoyed a brief period of friendly relations. But soon Britain began to enforce restrictions on American trade, and taxes were levied on the colonists. After Americans protested, most taxes—with the exception of a few, including the tax on tea— were lifted. Tensions continued, however, and in 1770, British troops fired on a crowd in Boston, killing 5 people. On December 16, 1773, a group of colonists dressed as Indians boarded British ships and dumped chests of tea into the sea at Boston Harbor.
Colonists dumped chests of tea into Boston’s harbor because

there was a tax on tea.

Explanation

The Boston Tea Party protested the tax on tea (5th choice). The tax had not been raised, but neither had it been lifted (eliminated). Choices (3) and (4) contributed to tensions between British and Americans but were not directly responsible for the protest against the tea tax.

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