Although the number of members of the House of Representatives from a state varies according to state population, no state has fewer than one representative. After each census (every ten years), representation in the House is reconfigured. What is a potential problem with the system outlined above?


One state might lose significant population to another over a period less than a decade. If so, then representation in Congress won’t be balanced to reflect the population shift—at least not until after the next census.

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